کانی شناسی، میان بارهای سیال و منشأ کانسار سرب و روی چاه میله با سنگ میزبان کربناتی تریاس میانی (شمال شرق انارک)، ایران مرکزی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه ژئوشیمی.دانشکده علوم زمین. دانشگاه خوارزمی. تهران. ایران

2 گروه ژئوشیمی. دانشکده علوم زمین. دانشگاه خوارزمی. تهران. ایران

3 گروه زمین شناسی. دانشکده علوم. دانشگاه بوعلی سینا. همدان. ایران

چکیده

کانسار سرب و روی چاه­ میله شامل سه ذخیره مزرعه­ دراز، کوه ­میله و سیلچو در فاصله 30 کیلومتری شمال­ شرق انارک (ایران مرکزی)، واقع شده است. واحد مرمر دولومیتی کمپلکس چاه­ گربه با سن تریاس میانی، سنگ میزبان اصلی کانسار بوده که ماده معدنی با ماهیت چینه ­کران و بافت­های برشی، شکافه ­پرکن، جانشینی و افشان در آن شکل گرفته است. مراحل رخداد ذخیره به ترتیب شامل: 1) پیش از کانه­ زایی با حضور پیریت­های ریزبلور افشان، 2) کانه­زایی گرمابی اصلی با حضور گالن، اسفالریت و کالکوپیریت و 3) مرحله پس از کانه­ زایی شامل سولفیدهای ثانویه و غیرسولفیدی، است. کوارتز، دولومیت، کلسیت و باریت مهم­ترین کانی­های باطله همراه کانسنگ هستند. میانبارهای سیال اولیه دوفازی آبگین غنی از مایع در میزبان دولومیت دارای دمای همگن ­شدن بین 93 تا 167 درجه سانتی­گراد و شوری 15/14 تا 97/20 درصد وزنی معادل نمک­ طعام، در میزبان کلسیت دارای دمای همگن­ شدن بین 98 تا 147 درجه سانتی­گراد و شوری 02/7 تا 72/13 درصد وزنی معادل نمک­ طعام و در میزبان کوارتز دارای دمای همگن­ شدن بین 81 تا 158 درجه سانتی­گراد و شوری 94/13 تا 2/22 درصد وزنی معادل نمک­ طعام، هستند. اختلاط و رقیق ­شدگی شورابه ­های حوضه­ای با سیالات جوی کم­شور احتمالاً به ­عنوان فرایند موثر در ته ­نشینی فلزات است. رخداد دگرسانی سیلیسی همواره به­ عنوان نشانه ­ای از تغییرات دمایی ناشی از رقیق ­شدگی محسوب می­ شود که در کانسار چاه ­میله  قابل مشاهده است. یافته ­های زمین شناسی، بافتی و کانی ­شناسی و داده­ های میانبارهای سیال نشانگر کانی ­سازی تیپ دره­ی می­سی­سی­پی در کانسار چاه ­میله است.

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انتشار آنلاین از تاریخ 28 آذر 1400
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